Solar Power Generation Overview – An Introduction to Solar Power in India.
This article is derived from Sunipod’s Free Ebook Must-have Consumer Guide to Solar Power Generation Systems.
One really good reason why any business should consider investing in solar power in India is the significant SAVINGS on electricity costs realized for a long time as a result of deploying solar PV systems on site. To understand what is solar power; we need to lay out some obvious facts supporting the above statement and get them out of the way
Basic Facts about Solar Power Generation
- Commercial and industrial solar power generation for businesses is more common and affordable than ever before and they can be adapted to fit anyone’s specific needs. Think techno-commercial viability!
- They make use of infinite source of energy - the sun, best of all sunlight is FREE.
- Solar power in India is one of the most accessible forms of energy available. Throughout most locations in India the average solar radiation is great for solar power generation.
- Solar power generation systems, which are also called photovoltaic or PV systems, are pollution-free, reliable and have an expected life of about 25 years.
- Your solar power generation is REALLY FREE after a short payback while others continue to pay heavily for coal and gas generated power.
With this out of the way, enjoy the rest of the article on what is solar power?
Overview of the Solar Power Generation Process:
Solar power in India is becoming common across regions, industries and commercial institutions. There are 2 basic types of systems that generate solar power in India. Simple descriptions and accompanying diagrams visualizing these two types of systems are displayed below.
Ones that provide electricity while the sun is shining. These solar power generation systems generate electricity when it is used the most during the day time and provides it for institutional operations. Thus solar power generation is already replacing costly grid power at institutional premises.
Another type of system stores that energy in specially configured deep-cycle battery banks for use when the sun is not shining used to eliminating the need for expensive diesel power generation. Consequently solar power in India is replacing diesel power faster than ever.
Both these solar power generation systems consist of solar modules or solar panels mounted on structures connected in series and parallel. These panels convert energy from sunlight into DC electrical power whenever sufficient solar radiation is available.
“Solar power in India makes absolute sense. Even the
average solar radiation in India is great for power
generation from PV systems.”
What is Solar Power Process?
In order to achieve a higher system voltage, modules are installed in a row arrangement, called a string. This has the advantages of faster and cleaner installations, higher plant efficiency and better usage of smaller cross section cables. Carefully optimized numbers of strings are connected in parallel by cables to form an array configuration typically associated with solar power in India.
Outputs from such arrays are typically connected in parallel in the combiner box. Combiner boxes from a quality system provider typically hosts a number of disconnect and other safety devices making it a protection firewall of sorts for your system.
This combiner box output is fed to the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm based solar inverter. Solar inverters form the heart of any solar power generation system. High efficiency solar inverters convert the solar power system’s direct-current (DC) power to single phase or three phase alternating-current (AC) power used by most applications. In battery based systems solar inverters also ensure that the batteries do not get overcharged or undercharged. Also hybrid capabilities in quality solar inverters allows the system to smartly draw and use power from the grid whenever enough solar PV generated power or battery bank power is not available giving you a “Zero Downtime” system.
Components for Solar Power in India
Despite differences in details solar power generation systems should have these specific components
- Solar PV Modules or Solar PV Panels
- Module Mounting Systems
- Combiner Boxes
- Solar Inverters
- Solar Batteries (Optional)
Before that envy-inducing, money saving solar power generation system can be deployed one must have a basic grasp on exactly what is solar power and the system components used in solar power in India. Each component has a unique and important role in the whole system.
The free Ebook is a Must-have Consumer Guide to Solar Power Generation Systems. It introduces the major components used for solar power in India and their relationship to each other. It’s a top resource for decision makers considering deploying solar power generation systems for their businesses. Download for free now.